Trauma, PTSD and Complex PTSD

Sexual Abuse and Assault Counselors
Dr. Sandra Varley, LPC

trauma

What is Post Traumatic Stress Disorder?

Trauma responses are different for every person, but below is a checklist of some of the symptoms of trauma:

  • Flashbacks, or reliving the traumatic event
  • Trying to avoid thinking or talking about the traumatic event
  • Feeling emotionally numb
  • Avoiding activities you once enjoyed
  • Hopelessness about the future
  • Memory problems
  • Irritability or anger
  • Overwhelming guilt or shame
  • Self-destructive behavior, such as drinking too much
  • Trouble sleeping


Complex PTSD

Besides these troubling problems mentioned above, if trauma occurs in the context of an important relationship, or occurs chronically throughout childhood, recovery typically includes a deeper reworking of relationships, expectations, and self-image. Challenges to one’s beliefs that the world is safe or just may also be created by trauma.

If you have experienced a traumatic and/or distressing event and are experiencing some or all of the symptoms listed above, we, at Integrus, can help.

How Therapy Helps

At Integrus, a variety of approaches to healing is available to help you in the aftermath of trauma. Your care will be coordinated carefully with your therapist, and tailored to your particular experiences and needs.

EMDR

is an integrative psychotherapy approach that has been widely researched and shown to be helpful. It accesses the healing capacity of one’s own mind to decrease anxiety, resolve complicated grief, address phobias, and integrate trauma.

IRRT

is a short-term integrative treatment approach for recurring trauma memories including childhood trauma. It addresses maladaptive schemas such as helplessness, shame, and defectiveness using imagery and verbal interventions.

Integrated Approach

includes reworking of negative beliefs, resolving overwhelming feelings, and learning new ways of relating to self, others, and life. Expressive therapies and expanded self-awareness in the context of a safe, facilitative relationship are the foundation of this approach. Methods from Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy are incorporated into therapy, as well.

Links:

National Center for PTSD: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/index.asp
Informational Booklets on PTSD from NIMH – Click here.